Common Core first-grade ELA standards (2024)

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Common Core first-grade ELA standards (6)

Skills available for Common Core first-grade language arts standards

Standards are in black and IXL language arts skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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  • Common Core State Standards: Language Common Core State Standards: Language
  • Common Core State Standards: Reading: Foundational Skills Common Core State Standards: Reading: Foundational Skills
  • Common Core State Standards: Reading: Informational Text Common Core State Standards: Reading: Informational Text
  • Common Core State Standards: Reading: Literature Common Core State Standards: Reading: Literature

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L.1 Language

  • Conventions of Standard English

    • L.1.1 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

      • L.1.1.a Print all upper- and lowercase letters.

      • L.1.1.b Use common, proper, and possessive nouns.

        • Complete the sentence with a noun to match the picture (1-II.1)
        • Sort common and proper nouns (1-RR.4)
        • Identify proper nouns (1-RR.5)
        • Select the possessive noun that matches the picture (1-RR.10)
        • Form the singular possessive (1-RR.11)
      • L.1.1.c Use singular and plural nouns with matching verbs in basic sentences (e.g., He hops; We hop).

        • Regular plurals: select the word that matches the picture (1-RR.6)
        • Form regular plurals with -s and -es (1-RR.7)
        • Use singular and plural nouns (1-RR.8)
        • Irregular plurals: select the word that matches the picture (1-RR.9)
        • One or more than one? (1-UU.1)
        • Complete the sentence with the best verb (1-UU.2)
        • Complete the sentence with the best subject (1-UU.3)
      • L.1.1.d Use personal, possessive, and indefinite pronouns (e.g., I, me, my; they, them, their; anyone, everything).

        • Choose between subject and object personal pronouns (1-SS.1)
        • Choose the correct personal pronoun (1-SS.2)
        • Complete the sentence with the correct personal pronoun (1-SS.3)
        • Choose the correct possessive pronoun (1-SS.4)
        • Use the correct possessive pronoun (1-SS.5)
        • Pronoun-verb agreement: Complete the sentence with the best verb (1-UU.4)
        • Pronoun-verb agreement: Complete the sentence with the best subject (1-UU.5)
      • L.1.1.e Use verbs to convey a sense of past, present, and future (e.g., Yesterday I walked home; Today I walk home; Tomorrow I will walk home).

        • Select the sentence that tells about the present (1-VV.1)
        • Select the sentence that tells about the past (1-VV.2)
        • Select the sentence that tells about the future (1-VV.3)
        • Place sentences on a timeline (1-VV.4)
        • Form and use the regular past tense (1-VV.5)
        • Identify the irregular past tense (1-VV.6)
        • Place sentences with irregular verbs on a timeline (1-VV.7)
      • L.1.1.f Use frequently occurring adjectives.

        • Compare pictures using adjectives (1-II.2)
        • Use number words (1-II.3)
        • Use sense words (1-XX.1)
        • Compare pictures using comparative and superlative adjectives (1-XX.4)
      • L.1.1.g Use frequently occurring conjunctions (e.g., and, but, or, so, because).

        • Use conjunctions (1-ZZ.1)
      • L.1.1.h Use determiners (e.g., articles, demonstratives).

        • Use the correct article: a or an (1-WW.1)
        • Identify articles (1-WW.2)
      • L.1.1.i Use frequently occurring prepositions (e.g., during, beyond, toward).

        • Select the best preposition to match the picture (1-YY.1)
        • Select the best preposition to complete the sentence (1-YY.2)
      • L.1.1.j Produce and expand complete simple and compound declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences in response to prompts.

        • Identify statements (1-QQ.1)
        • Identify questions (1-QQ.2)
        • Identify exclamations (1-QQ.3)
        • Identify commands (1-QQ.4)
        • Choose the right end mark (1-QQ.5)
        • Statement, question, command, or exclamation? (1-QQ.6)
        • Is it the naming or action part of the sentence? (1-QQ.8)
        • Find the complete sentences (1-QQ.9)
        • Complete the sentence (1-QQ.10)
        • Unscramble the words to make a complete sentence (1-QQ.11)
    • L.1.2 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

      • L.1.2.a Capitalize dates and names of people.

        • Capitalize the names of people and pets (1-BBB.1)
        • Capitalize days and months (1-BBB.2)
      • L.1.2.b Use end punctuation for sentences.

        • Choose the right end mark (1-QQ.5)
        • Statement, question, command, or exclamation? (1-QQ.6)
      • L.1.2.c Use commas in dates and to separate single words in a series.

      • L.1.2.d Use conventional spelling for words with common spelling patterns and for frequently occurring irregular words.

        • Form regular plurals with -s and -es (1-RR.7)
        • Irregular plurals: select the word that matches the picture (1-RR.9)
      • L.1.2.e Spell untaught words phonetically, drawing on phonemic awareness and spelling conventions.

        • Put the sounds in order (1-D.3)
        • Complete the word to match the picture: -ss, -ll, -ff, -zz, -ck (1-G.1)
        • Complete the word with the right digraph (1-G.3)
        • Spell the digraph word (1-G.4)
        • Complete the word with the right initial consonant blend (1-H.1)
        • Complete the word with the right final consonant blend (1-H.4)
        • Complete the short a word (1-I.3)
        • Complete the short e word (1-J.2)
        • Complete the short i words (1-K.2)
        • Complete the short o word (1-L.2)
        • Complete the short u word (1-M.2)
        • Complete the word with the right short vowel (1-N.2)
        • Spell the short vowel word (1-N.3)
        • Complete the silent e words (1-P.2)
        • Spell the silent e word (1-P.3)
        • Complete the vowel team words (1-Q.2)
        • Complete the word with the right vowel team (1-Q.3)
        • Complete the word with the right r-controlled vowel: ar, er, ir, or, ur (1-S.2)
        • Complete the word with the right diphthong: oi, oy, ou, ow (1-T.2)
        • Complete the two-syllable words (1-U.3)
  • Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

    • L.1.4 Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 1 reading and content, choosing flexibly from an array of strategies.

      • L.1.4.a Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

        • Use context to identify the meaning of a word (1-OO.1)
      • L.1.4.b Use frequently occurring affixes as a clue to the meaning of a word.

        • Use words with prefixes and suffixes (1-NN.1)
        • Understand words with prefixes and suffixes (1-NN.2)
      • L.1.4.c Identify frequently occurring root words (e.g., look) and their inflectional forms (e.g., looks, looked, looking).

        • Match the -ed and -ing sentences to the pictures (1-VV.9)
    • L.1.5 With guidance and support from adults, demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.

      • L.1.5.a Sort words into categories (e.g., colors, clothing) to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.

        • Sort words into categories (1-JJ.1)
      • L.1.5.b Define words by category and by one or more key attributes (e.g., a duck is a bird that swims; a tiger is a large cat with stripes).

        • Which word is not like the others? (1-JJ.2)
        • Find the words with related meanings (1-MM.1)
      • L.1.5.c Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., note places at home that are cozy).

        • Sort words into categories (1-JJ.1)
        • Multiple-meaning words with pictures (1-LL.1)
        • Describe the difference between related words (1-MM.2)
        • Use action verbs (1-TT.3)
        • Use sense words (1-XX.1)
        • Does the adjective tell you what kind or how many? (1-XX.2)
        • Identify adjectives (1-XX.3)
        • Select the best preposition to match the picture (1-YY.1)
      • L.1.5.d Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs differing in manner (e.g., look, peek, glance, stare, glare, scowl) and adjectives differing in intensity (e.g., large, gigantic) by defining or choosing them or by acting out the meanings.

        • Find the words with related meanings (1-MM.1)
        • Describe the difference between related words (1-MM.2)
        • Order related words based on meaning (1-MM.3)
    • L.1.6 Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts, including using frequently occurring conjunctions to signal simple relationships (e.g., because).

      • Describe the difference between related words (1-MM.2)
      • Use sense words (1-XX.1)
      • Select the best preposition to match the picture (1-YY.1)
      • Select the best preposition to complete the sentence (1-YY.2)

Common Core State Standards © Copyright 2010. National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and Council of Chief State School Officers. All rights reserved.

Common Core first-grade ELA standards (2024)
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